The beaded fringe marks the front of this ancestral masking headdress, suggesting a crown’s veil. Around the sides and back are cowries and ikin Ifa (divination palm nuts), signs of spiritual protection and guidance for the outings of this ara orun (being from beyond).
Source: Drewal, H., Mason, J. (1998). “Beads, Body, and Soul – Art and Light in the Yoruba Universe”, Los Angeles: UCLA Fowler Museum of Cultural History. page 275.