Artist unknown (Chichicastenango, Quiché Department, Guatemala)
Mask, Tecún Umán, mid-20th century
Wood, glass, paint
Fowler Museum at UCLA, X77.1096; Gift of Caroline and Howard West.
Tecún Umán (ca. 1500–1524), one of the last rulers of the independent K’iche’ Maya kingdom, is remembered for his resistance against Spanish conquistadors. Umán was declared Guatemala’s official national hero in 1960, the same year a 36-year civil war began which spurred significant Guatemalan immigration to the United States.