X2002.33.12 Mask

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Katoyo or Chindele (foreigner)
Ngangela or Mbunda peoples
Angola or Zambia
Late 19th-20th century
Wood, rubber, cordage, beads, hair
H: 37.0 cm, W: 23.0 cm, D: 12.0 cm (H: 14.6 in, W: 9.1 in, D: 4.7 in)
Museum purchase with funds provided by Jay T. Last. X2002.33.12


This Katoyo or Chindele character with its rectangular face is representative of masks documented in southeastern Angola among Ngangela peoples and their neighbors. What initially might appear to be incised arched eyebrows are actually forehead wrinkles, a typical Mbunda stylistic convention used to impart expressivity to mask characters. In this case, the abundant, straight hair recalls that of some Europeans or foreigners. The tufts of facial hair on either side of the mouth are intended as a mustache.