The controversial firing of Professor Angela Davis in 1969, the tent city erected in support of South African divestment in the 1980s, the Chicano Studies hunger strike of 1993—for forty years UCLA has played a key role in our nation’s ongoing struggle with diversity, access, and inclusion. In the late 1960s amidst a nation divided, UCLA faculty, students, staff, and the community urged the administration to institute Ethnic Studies on campus. In 1969 Chancellor Charles E. Young established four centers: the American Indian Studies Center, Asian American Studies Center, Bunche Center for African American Studies, and the Chicano Studies Research Center. Art, Activism, Access: 40 Years of Ethnic Studies at UCLA showcases the efforts and archives of these influential centers, exploring their roles in voicing the most significant issues of underrepresented communities in the fabric of American life. This lively display of murals, graphic art, films, ephemera, and photographs captures key moments in a remarkable history, offering a compelling review of the first forty years of ethnic studies at UCLA.
A powerful history, a visual array
– Two large murals and a study drawing of a third, all of which graced the walls of UCLA’s Campbell Hall. The earliest was created for the Bunche Center for African American Studies around the late 1960s or early 1970s and suggests a communal protection of black youth that is both spiritual and physical. A drawing by Eduardo Carillo, Saul Solache, Ramses Noriega, and Sergio Hernandez from 1970 is a study for the 12 x 30-foot mural that was located at the Chicano Studies Research Center, credited with being the earliest Chicano mural painted anywhere in the United States. A third work, a mural painted by Darryl Mar and his students in 1995, was created to celebrate the twenty-fifth anniversary of Asian American Studies.
– A new site-specific mural to be painted by famed Chicano artist Gronk, which visitors can observe being created beginning in mid-April.
– Original photographs from the series, Life in a Day of Black L.A.: The Way We See It. These seventeen images taken in 1992 by well-known African American photographers documenting their own communities in the aftermath of the L.A. Uprisings include portraits of familiar personalities, like young tennis stars Venus and Serena Williams and journalist Pat Harvey, as well as anonymous people going about their daily lives.
– A screening area with an ongoing sequence of films including the experimental Frontierland by Jesse Lerner and Rubén Ortiz Torres; Marco Williams’ personal documentary In Search of our Fathers; and Hito Hata: Raise the Banner, a chronicle of the contributions and hardships of Japanese Americans from the turn of the century to the late 1970s. Also presented is the 1984 film Bless Their Little Hearts, directed by UCLA MFA grad Billy Woodberry, which explores the life of a family in South Central Los Angeles driven to the breaking point by the father’s shame at being unable to support his family.
– An impressive compilation of hundreds of books and journals produced by the Centers and/or written by their faculty, including many of the earliest and most important volumes published on the subject of diversity in America. These include Amerasia Journal, the leading multidisciplinary scholarly journal in Asian American Studies; Black Folk Here and There by St. Clair Drake, arguably the single most important work published on the black diasporic experience in the 1980s; Race, Class, and Power in Brazil by Pierre-Michel Fontaine, the groundbreaking study on Brazilian race relations; and Old Shirts & New Skins by Sherman Alexie, which when published in 1993 was one of the first books of poetry written by then little-known Spokane/Coeur d’Alene poet Sherman Alexie.
– A wide array of posters and handbills from each of the Centers, which reveal an era of striking graphics tied to political action. These are accompanied by documentary photographs of events that galvanized the campus and brought student bodies across the nation into conflict with the status quo.
In the late 1960s with civil unrest growing across America—in protest of the Vietnam War and in support of global struggles for self-determination and equality—UCLA faculty, students, staff, and community members pressured the University to institute a program of Ethnic Studies that would reflect the presence, history, and contributions of underrepresented groups on campus. In response, Chancellor Charles E. Young guided the establishment of four distinct Ethnic Studies Research Centers in 1969 to foster study and research concerning African Americans, American Indians, Asian Americans, Chicanos, and their respective communities.
Campbell Hall—vacant at the time because the Economics Department had moved—became the home for the new centers. Early program goals remain the foundation of the Centers today; these include studying ethnic minorities in American society to provide a framework for research and community action, instilling racial pride, developing a community action program, building diverse holdings for Center libraries and archives, and recruiting faculty in these areas.
Art, Activism, Access: 40 Years of Ethnic Studies at UCLA has been organized by the Fowler Museum, the Institute of American Cultures, and the four Ethnic Studies Research Centers. Generous funding has been provided by the Office of the Chancellor; Office for Faculty Diversity; Office of Vice Chancellor for Graduate Studies, Graduate Division; and Institute of American Cultures.
To celebrate the 40th anniversary of Ethnic Studies at UCLA, Chancellor Gene Block has dedicated the 2009-2010 academic year to the theme of “Celebrating 40 Years of Ethnic Studies at UCLA.”
Art, Activism, Access: 40 Years of Ethnic Studies at UCLA has been organized by the Fowler Museum, the Institute of American Cultures, and the Ethnic Studies Research Centers. Generous funding has been provided by the Office of the Chancellor; Office for Faculty Diversity; Office of Vice Chancellor for Graduate Studies, Graduate Division; and Institute of American Cultures.