In Extremis: Death and Life in 21st‐Century Haitian Art

September 16, 2012–January 20, 2013

“One of the most original and powerful shows of a strong fall season in Los Angeles.”
William Poundstone, ArtInfo

In Extremis: Death and Life in 21st‐Century Haitian Art explores how leading Haitian visual artists have responded to a tumultuous 21st century, an era punctuated by political upheaval, a cataclysmic earthquake, devastating hurricanes, epidemics, and continuing instability. Consisting of approximately seventy mixed-media works by established artists and a rising generation of self-taught genre-busters, the exhibition offers unflinchingly honest and viscerally compelling reactions to Haiti’s contemporary predicament.

In depicting stark realities of the Haitian (and human) condition, all of these pieces invoke the overarching presence of Bawon Samdi, the Vodou divinity who presides over key aspects of mortality, sexuality, and rebirth, and his trickster children the Gede, who are the Vodou divinities most beloved by the Haitian people. Sculptures by Grand Rue artists André Eugène, Jean Hérard Celeur, and Frantz Jacques Guyodo―crafted from used automobile parts, old computer components, and other industrial cast-offs as well as incorporating human skulls and clothing―clearly bear his imprint. So too, do heavily beaded and sequined textiles by Roudy Azor and Myrlande Constant that depict the 2010 earthquake and its aftermath. Likewise, paintings by Mario Benjamin, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Didier Civil, Frantz Zéphirin, and Edouard Duval-Carrié and site-specific installations by Maksaens Denis and  Jean Robert Celestin all proclaim Bawon Samdi and the Gedes to be paramount spirits for a nation, and perhaps a world, in extremis.


Evelyne Alcide Frantz Jacques, aka Guyodo
Roudy Azor Jean Philippe Jeannot
Pierrot Barra Alphonse Jean Junior, aka Papa Da
Jean-Michel Basquiat Guerly Lauren
Clotaire Bazile Dubreus Lhérisson
Mario Benjamin Georges Liautaud
Wilson Bigaud Seresier Louisjuste
David Boyer Stivenson Magloire
M. Brutus Pascale Monnin
Myrlande Constant André Pierre
Jean Hérard Celeur Frank Polyak
Didier Civil Jean Claude Saintilus
Maksaens Denis Lionel St. Eloi
Edouard Duval-Carrié Yves Telemak
André Eugène Georges Valris
Patrick Ganthier, aka Killy Frantz Zéphirin
Leah Gordon


Fowler OutSpoken Conversation: The Walking Dead: Zombies in Haitian Vodou and Contemporary Popular Culture (2013)

Culture Fix: Carine Fabius on Bawon Samdi (2012)

Culture Fix: Patrick Polk on Beaded Haitian Flags (2012)

Fowler OutSpoken Lecture: Donald Cosentino on In Extremis (2012)

Press Release

In Extremis

Curriculum Resource Unit

In Extremis

Exhibition Credits

In Extremis: Death and Life in 21st-Century Haitian Art is organized and produced by the Fowler Museum at UCLA and curated by Donald J. Cosentino, UCLA Professor Emeritus of Black Atlantic Religions and Popular Culture, and Patrick A. Polk, Fowler Curator of Latin American and Caribbean Popular Arts, with Leah Gordon, the late Marilyn Houlberg, and Katherine Smith. Major support for the exhibition comes from the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts.  Additional funding is provided by the Barbara and Joseph Goldenberg Fund, the Shirley & Ralph Shapiro Director’s Discretionary Fund, the Fay Bettye Green Fund to Commission New Work, and the Pasadena Art Alliance.
Hotel sponsor: Hotel Angeleno